China And India: Income Inequality And Poverty North And South Of The Himalayas, J. Asian Econ.
China and India are the most populous countries of the World and also the two largest contributors to World poverty as assessed by the World Bank. (...) mid-1990s income inequality in rural China and rural India were relatively similar. Our results show that differences in mean income across regions are much larger in China than in India and accounts for a much larger proportion of income inequality in rural China. The proportion of the population falling under a poverty line set to US$ 1 per person and day in western China is similar to the corresponding proportion in several Indian regions (...).