Excerpts: Physics, Raymond Davis Jr., Masatoshi
Koshiba: "for pioneering contributions to astrophysics, in
particular for the detection of cosmic neutrinos"
Riccardo Giacconi: "for pioneering contributions to
astrophysics, which have led to the discovery of cosmic X-ray
Chemistry, John B. Fenn, Koichi Tanaka: "for the development of
methods for identification and structure analyses of biological
macromolecules", "for their development of soft desorption
ionisation methods for mass spectrometric analyses of biological
Kurt Wuthrich: "for his development of nuclear magnetic
resonance spectroscopy for determining the three-dimensional
structure of biological macromolecules in solution"
Physiology or Medicine, Sydney Brenner, H. Robert Horvitz, John
E. Sulston: "for their discoveries concerning genetic regulation
of organ development and programmed cell death"
Economic Sciences, Daniel Kahneman: "for having integrated
insights from psychological research into economic science,
especially concerning human judgment and decision-making under
Vernon L. Smith: "for having established laboratory experiments
as a tool in empirical economic analysis, especially in the study
of alternative market mechanisms"
Literature, Imre Kertesz: "for writing that upholds the fragile
experience of the individual against the barbaric arbitrariness of