The Past, Present, and Future of Artificial Life

TitleThe Past, Present, and Future of Artificial Life
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsAguilar, W, Bonfil, GSantamarí, Froese, T, Gershenson, C
JournalFrontiers in Robotics and AI

For millennia people have wondered what makes the living different from the non-living. Beginning in the mid-1980s, artificial life has studied living systems using a synthetic approach: build life in order to understand it better, be it by means of software, hardware, or wetware. This review provides a summary of the advances that led to the development of artificial life, its current research topics, and open problems and opportunities. We classify artificial life research into fourteen themes: origins of life, autonomy, self-organization, adaptation (including evolution, development, and learning), ecology, artificial societies, behavior, computational biology, artificial chemistries, information, living technology, art, and philosophy. Being interdisciplinary, artificial life seems to be losing its boundaries and merging with other fields.